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Early Years

Early Years uses development matters for practitioners to use to support each child in their development journey. When your children start school we use the first term to get to know your children (the unique child) we teach them to become independent and resilient learners (positive relationships) we use the environments and their interests to support a rich learning environment through play (enabling environments). These three themes when met encourage children to learn and develop in different ways. As practitioners we then look at your child's Characteristics of Effective Learning:

- Playing and Exploring- Engagement

- Active Learning- Motivation

- Creating and Thinking Critically- Thinking


At Broughton Infant School we celebrate your children meeting these areas with Dinosaur stickers! This encourages your children to become involved in their learning and collect a dinosaur sticker that represents each characteristic of learning. 

Early Years Foundation Stage

Areas of Learning and Development

In Early Years we follow the “Development Matters” document. It is a fundamental document for preparing the children for the National curriculum in year one and beyond. It helps them get the best start to their lives and build the essential skills they will need for the future.

There are seven areas of development and they are split into three prime areas and four specific areas of learning. It is essential that we meet all the areas of learning to support the children in becoming motivated and effective learners.

Prime Areas

The prime areas are developed through the children's interactions, relationships and experiences with one another. The prime areas work alongside one another and support development in other areas.

The prime areas are:

Personal Social and Emotional Development

Communication and Language

Physical Development

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Personal, social and emotional development is helping children develop:

  1. Self- Regulation
  2. Managing Self
  3. Building Relationships

At Broughton Infant school we support the children’s personal, social and emotional development through:

  • Sharing and turn taking games
  • Role play- looking at regulating our behaviour
  • Story time
  • Focusing at an activity and following instructions
  • Circle times

And much more!

Communication and Language

Communication and language development is all about:

  1. Listening and Attention
  2. Speaking

At Broughton Infant school we support the children’s communication and language through:

  • Providing a rich language environment 
  • The children listening to stories/ poetry/ songs regularly throughout the week
  • The children to develop conversation skills with teachers and peers
  • Provides new language that the children share together
  • Explain what is happening, why and using new vocabulary when appropriate

Physical Development:

Physical development is:

  1. Gross Motor Skills
  2. Fine Motor Skills

At Broughton Infant School we support this area of development by allowing the children to explore the inside and outdoor environments freely in their play.

To support the children’s physical development we provide a variety of activities such as:

  • Wheeled toys
  • Rolling tyres
  • Brushes to sweep leaves
  • Playing with pegs and tweezers
  • PE twice a week and a visit to the Forrest School.

These varied activities help the children develop their large- and small-scale co-ordination, movement and control.

We believe that a child who feels safe in their environment will explore and manage their own risks when exploring their physical capabilities. To support this we talk about how and why it is important for them to keep themselves healthy and safe. We also encourage our children to become independent in their self-care and to make healthy choices. 


Specific Areas

Once the foundations are set through the prime areas, children are able to develop their knowledge and skills in other areas.

These are:



Understanding the World

Expressive Arts and Design


We are focusing on:

  1. Comprehension
  2. Word Reading
  3. Writing

At Broughton Infant School we support their Literacy skills through:

  • Daily Phonics

We follow the letters and sounds program where the children are encouraged to link the letter sounds they have been taught to their reading and writing. Children are grouped according to their stage of development and this allows teachers to support and challenge them where needed. We provide the children with lilac books so that they develop their comprehension and story telling skills. This skill will also help the children as they move though out the school and are writing stories at length.

  • Reading

Children are exposed to a variety of reading materials including fiction, non-fiction and poems. We have story times, use story sacks and listen to stories on electronic devices such as story phones or using Reading Eggs. To support their reading we provide home reading books and a Reading Eggs home account.



Our children develop mathematic skills through:

  1. Number
  2. Numerical Patterns

Our children explore and embed their knowledge through inside and out activities such as set up shops, car washing stations, shape and number hunts and other activities. We are focusing on subitising in reception- where the children can recognise quantities without counting. We will be embedding numbers upto 10 and looking at the composition of each number.


Understanding the World

Understanding the world involves the children exploring their own and other cultures, their own and other communities as well as the world around them.

  1. Past and Present
  2. People, Culture and Communities
  3. The Natural World

At Broughton Infant School we have a large outside area and a forest school area in which the children can explore their natural environment. They love to discover and investigate the insects and plant life around them. We will be talking about the lives of people around them and the community in which we live. We will be exploring similarities and differences in the world around them and life in other countries- drawing on knowledge from what we have read, seen or looked at maps.

Expressive Arts and Design

Expressive arts and design involve the children:

  1. Creating with Materials
  2. Being Imaginative and Expressive

At Broughton Infant School we give the children opportunities to explore feelings and expressions through:

  • Art (colour, texture)
  • Design
  • Music (singing songs and making instruments)
  • Movement (e.g. dance)

In combination with their understanding of their own and other cultures the children are exposed to different types of music and dance. They listen and watch different dances from around the world when we look at festivals and celebrations. We will have a focus book and topic in which we will be creating props and using resources to support role play.



The School teaches phonic sounds through Little Wandle Letters and Sounds 

Our Philosophy Learning Behaviors