The Pupil Premium funding is allocated by the Government to children from low-income families who are known to be eligible for Free School Meals (FSM). This includes those who have been eligible for FSM at any point in the last six years (Ever 6), looked after children and pupils from Service personnel. The fund is provided to schools to support these pupils to reach their full potential because research says that pupils from deprived backgrounds underachieve compared to non-deprived peers. Schools can spend the fund as they see fit, as long as it is used to demonstrably improve the attainment of eligible pupils. The fund is allocated in line with the financial year and based on eligible pupils from the January census.